I didn’t know how to get started on this blog to be honest, so I thought it best to go back to basics and begin with how we understand movement.

For those that have completed either the Diploma in Functional Performance or the Diploma in Functional Therapy you will know that the foundation of our thought process is that bones move, joints feel and muscles react. This is a simple concept, but it is so powerful, it is the foundation of our courses and is the foundation of my practise as a physiotherapist.

It all starts with the understanding of movement, we do this through a breakdown of gait and going through how each bone moves, what the joint feels and from there we can understand how their muscles and associated tendons react. This is all done using the HMAC III form that I have talked about previously.

Step one: Bones Move

You first need to decide how the bones are moving through space. Bones can move in all 3 planes of motion in both translation and rotation. Translation a linear movement through space, so you you have to choose whether the bone is moving forward or backward in the sagittal plane, left or right in the frontal plane and up or down in the transverse plane. Then you have to decide how the bone is rotating in space, again this is in all 3 planes. You have to choose between anterior and posterior rotation in the sagittal plane, left or right tilt in the frontal plane and left or right rotation in the transverse plane. Once you have done that for 1 bone (eg tibia) you need to complete the same process for the other bone on the opposite side of the joint (eg the femur for the knee).

Step Two: Joints Feel

Once you’ve completed this for the bones you need to decide on the relative speeds of the bones to find out what the joint in the middle will feel. This is crucial because what the joint feels is fundamental to the exercise choices you make and the hands on strategies you’ll use.

Step 3: Muscles React

Once you have determined what the joint feels it is much easier to see the reaction of the associated muscles. This again helps you build exercise, build manual therapy strategies and get people moving better in minutes rather than weeks.
Like I have said, the above steps are the foundation of our exercise and manual therapy strategies, if you know and predict what you should be seeing from the bones, you can understand the joint feelings and make the muscles react the way you want them to react.
There is so much more to this concept than I can possibly cover in the blog. If you want to know more I would suggest that you complete the Observing and Predicting Motion course online. This course will take you through the details of bones move, joints feel and muscles react, giving you a full understanding of every bone and joint movement in gait and then challenging you to break down common sporting movements such as golf yourself and then building your own strategies for performance and therapy.